Main

 
Documents for GRFCThe «General Radio Frequency Centre» Federal State Unitary Enterprise  (FSUE «GRFC») was established pursuant to  Government of the Russian Federation Decree No. 1002 dated 25.12.2000 "On the State Radio Frequency Service under the Ministry for Communications and Information Technology of the Russian Federation" and Directive No. 627-р dated 14.03.2001 of the Ministry for State Property Management of the Russian Federation "On the establishment of a "General Radio Frequency Centre" Federal State Unitary Enterprise"".

The GRFC is part of the Radio Frequency Service, which is managed by the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor).

At present, the GRFC is a sectoral expert review centre that supports performance of  functions assigned to the Radio Frequency Service by the Federal Law "On Telecommunications" (Federal Law No. 126-FZ dated 07.07.2003) and the Government of the Russian Federation Decree "On the Radio Frequency Service"  (Government of the Russian Federation Decree No. 434 dated 14.05.2014), as well as Roskomnadzor's principal monitoring, supervising and regulatory functions in the field of telecommunications, news media, and mass communications.

The GRFC operates to perform organizational and technical work to ensure proper use of radio frequencies and radio frequency channels, civilian-use radio electronic facilities and/or high frequency devices, conduct technical evaluations within its core work areas, and participate in providing government services.


The GRFC has the necessary technical facilities and expertise to ensure high-quality performance in:
  • performing electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) calculations to evaluate electromagnetic compatibility of submitted radio electronic facilities with existing and/or planned civilian-use radio electronic facilities and radio electronic facilities of foreign countries;
  • identifying the need and preparing documents for international legal protection of frequency assignments or radio frequency channels;
  • evaluating usability of submitted radio electronic facilities and electromagnetic compatibility thereof with existing and/or planned radio electronic facilities within the allocated frequency bands and rendering findings based on EMC evaluation results;
  • establishing whether ship radio stations installed on sea-going ships, river-sea vessels, and inland waterway vessels are in compliance with the international communications treaties to which the Russian Federation is a party and rendering findings regarding compliance thereof with laws of the Russian Federation on telecommunications;
  • forming call signs for identifying civilian radio frequency facilities (in the fixed service, the broadcasting service, the maritime mobile service, the standard frequency and time signal service, and the amateur service).
The GRFC also coordinates the use of radio frequencies during major public events, including international ones, such as forums, exhibitions, sports events, etc.). 

The GRFC assets ownership rights are exercised by the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media and the Federal Agency for State Property Management.

H i s t o r y 

In 1992, a State Telecommunications Inspection (STI) was established in the Russian Federation to address regulation of the use of radio frequencies and radio electronic facilities (REF).

The principal functions of the newly established organization were to:
• assign frequencies for civilian radio-electronic facilities and issue frequency-use licenses;
• perform international coordination and recording of frequency assignments to REF;
• issue permits to operate radio-electronic facilities in Russia and to bring them into Russia;
• review and approve specifications  for  development and serial production of REFs.

Thus, the STI, as an institution of the Ministry of Communications of the Russian Federation, only regulated radio communications, television and radio broadcasting, but not wireline communications.

In 1993, the Ministry of Communications of the Russian Federation decided to enhance government regulation of the telecom sector. The need for that was dictated by the times, as the telecom market was growing fast, attracting many operators willing to provide telecom services.

On 15 November 1993, the Council of Ministers / Government of the Russian Federation passed Decree No. 1156, "On Approval of Regulations for a Service for State Supervision of the Communications Sector in the Russian Federation", intended to enhance government regulation of the telecom sector. The STI was converted to a Service for State Supervision of the Communications Sector in the Russian Federation (GOSSVIAZNADZOR), as an integrated system of the Ministry of Communications of the Russian Federation agencies. 

GOSSVIAZNADZOR played an important role in protecting customer rights in the course of the telecom sector's transition to market relationships.
On 28 April 2000, the Government of the Russian Federation passed Decree No. 380, "On Reorganizing the System of Government Supervision of the Telecom and Information Technology Sector in the Russian Federation", converting the GOSSVIAZNADZOR into a System for Supervising the Telecom Sector and IT Development (ROSSVIAZNADZOR), to monitor and supervise the telecom and IT sectors.

On 25 December 2000, the Government of the Russian Federation passed Decree No. 1002, "On a State Radio Frequency Service under the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology of the Russian Federation", creating a State Radio Frequency Service, in charge of telecom licensing. 
The Government Decree defines the structure of the State Radio Frequency Service which comprises the General Radio Frequency Centre and seven radio frequency centres (RFC) for the Federal Districts of the Russian Federation:
  • the RFC for the Central Federal District (Moscow);
  • the RFC for the North-Western Federal District (St. Petersburg);
  • the RFC for the Southern Federal District (Rostov-on-Don);
  • the RFC for the Volga Federal District (Nizhny Novgorod);
  • the RFC for the Urals Federal District (Yekaterinburg);
  • the RFC for the Siberian Federal District (Novosibirsk); and
  • the RFC for the Far-Eastern Federal District (Khabarovsk).
All the Radio Frequency Centres are Federal State Unitary Enterprises, so they are not funded by the government. 

On 1 January 2004, a new Federal Law № 126-FZ dated 07.07.2003 "On Communications" became effective in the Russian Federation, underscoring the principle of equal access to the telecommunication services for all citizens of Russia.

On 3 May 2005, the Government of the Russian Federation passed Decree No. 279 "On the Radio Frequency Service". As per that Government Decree, the General Radio Frequency Centre, the seven Radio Frequency Centres for the Federal Districts and their branches in every constituent region of the Russian Federation are all components of a single organization of the Radio Frequency Service.

On 12 March 2007, Executive Order of the President of the Russian Federation No. 320 "On a Federal Service for Supervision of Mass Communications, Telecommunications and Cultural Heritage Protection", was issued, whereby ROSSVIAZNADZOR and ROSOKHRANKULTURA were merged into a single Federal executive agency. In addition to monitoring and supervising the mass media, IT, and telecom sectors, preserving cultural heritage and protecting copyrights, the new agency was assigned the functions of managing the work of the Radio Frequency Service.

On 27 March 2008, the Government of the Russian Federation passed Decree No. 213,"On Certain Aspects of the Work of the Radio Frequency Service", transferring the General Radio Frequency Centre and the radio frequency centers of federal districts to the jurisdiction of the Federal Service for Supervision of Mass Communications, Telecommunications and Cultural Heritage Protection.

On 12 May 2008, Executive Order of the President of the Russian Federation No. 724 "Questions of system and structure of federal executive bodies" converted the Federal Service for Supervision of Mass Communications, Telecommunications and Cultural Heritage Protection (ROSSVYAZOKHRANKULTURA) into a Federal Service for Supervision of Communications and Mass Media (ROSSVIAZCOMNADZOR).

On 2 June 2008, the Government of the Russian Federation Decree No. 419 "On the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications and Mass Media" transferred Radio Frequency Service enterprises to the jurisdiction of ROSSVIAZCOMNADZOR.

On 3 December 2008, Executive Order of the President of the Russian Federation No. 1715 "On Certain Matters of State Management of Telecom, Information Technology, and Mass Media Sectors" converted ROSSVIAZCOMNADZOR into a Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media (ROSKOMNADZOR).

On 16 March 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation Decree No. 228, "On a Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media", transferred the Radio Frequency Service's enterprises to the jurisdiction of ROSCOMNADZOR.

On 14 May 2014, the Government of the Russian Federation Decree No. 434, "On the Radio Frequency Service", approved new Regulations for the Radio Frequency Service. The Government Decree defines the Radio Frequency Service as an authorized agency for managing the use of radio frequencies and radio electronic facilities under the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media – and as a single system of entities under the jurisdiction of the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media functioning to ensure proper use of frequencies and radio frequency channels, civilian-use radio electronic facilities and/or high frequency devices, to review and monitor compliance with laws within the scope of activities of the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media, and to provide government services.

According to those documents, the GRFC’s principal missions are measures to support appropriate use of frequencies and frequency channels, civil-use radio electronic facilities, and/or high-frequency devices, expert examination and monitoring of compliance with existing laws in Roscomnadzor’s areas of operations and participation in the provision of government services.

The functions of organizing the work of the Radio Frequency Service (GRFC) are performed by Roscomnadzor.
GRFC has completed its reorganization, as ordered by the Moscow City Territorial Authority of the Federal Agency for State Property Management (Order No. 424 dated 28 April 2017, "On Reorganization of GRFC FSUE by adding the Radio Frequency Center for the Central Federal District to it"). 

At present, GRFC is the only Radio Frequency Service entity under Roscomnadzor that performs the functions of the Radio Frequency Service.